A dental extraction is the removal of a tooth from the mouth.

Extractions are performed for a wide variety of reasons, including tooth decay that has destroyed enough tooth structure to prevent restoration. Periodontal (gum) disease can cause the loss of the bone surrounding the tooth, rendering it unusable or painful. Extractions of impacted or problematic wisdom teeth are routinely performed, as are extractions of some permanent teeth to make space for orthodontic treatment.